Akita Inu – Origins of the Breed

Akita Inu – Origins of the Breed

The Japanese Akita is steeped in history legend and myth, and over the centuries many attempts have been made to discover the dog’s true origin. Documentary evidence, cave drawings and excavated bones have come to light and these have been studied in order to piece together a picture of how the breed evolved. Japan’s recorded history spans over two and a half thousand years but information about the Akita is sparse and the language barrier creates further difficulties for British researchers. However, there are a number of authors who have based their work on archaeological, zoological, anthropological and ethnological viewpoints, and this, coupled with the documented history and folklore, present a plausible picture.

It was first believed that people migrated to the Japanese Islands around four thousand years ago, but more recent evidence dates back to the Stone Age. Studies of fossils and skeletal remains have proved that there were domesticated dogs from this era. It is not known if these dogs had prick ears and curled tails, but it is generally presumed that they were related to the present Akita dog. By the Bronze Age there were drawings and artefacts in existence, and these portray the distinctive features of the Japanese-type dog.

The breed came to the forefront in the twelfth century when dog- fighting became a popular sport in Japan. In order to create the best competition, the Akita-type dogs were crossed with other breeds to produce a worthy challenger. When the interest in fighting waned, the dogs were again used for hunting and herding. In the 17th century a famous Japanese war lord was exiled to a fortress on the northern Japanese island of Honshu. He was an admirer of fine sporting dogs, and it is said that he inter-bred the Akita and the Russian Laika dog to produce a larger, more powerful dog with a keen spirit. His animals became highly prized among the aristocracy and enjoyed popularity for over a century. Because of the relative isolation of these northern regions, the breed retained a certain purity of type. It is generally believed that the environment had a big influence on the physical characteristics of the breed and the dog’s thick coat, strong bones and firm feet probably evolved during this period. Many Akita-type dogs were bred in different areas of Japan, but those from the northern region, known as the Akita Prefecture, were the purest bred and are the true ancestors of the present-day Akita.

In 1899 there was an outbreak of rabies and many dogs had to be destroyed. However, the mountainous terrain of the Akita Prefecture slowed up the spread of the disease, and some dogs managed to survive. In the next few decades dog-fighting became popular again, and this resulted in cross-breeding the Akita with other types, generally the Tosa breed. But famine and starvation meant that once again dogs were in danger, and many were killed for their meat and pelt. Fortunately, there were those who prized the Akita for its intelligence and hunting abilities, and so a number of dogs were bred and used to track and hunt small game such as ducks and other birds, graduating to deer, elk, boar and even the Yezo bear, weighing up to eight hundred pounds.

The hunter would set off without a gun, accompanied by a pair of Akitas (one male and one female) which would bring down the prey and hold it until it was either clubbed or speared. The versatile Akita was also used to herd cattle, act as a sight dog, pull loads and work alongside the police. There is documented evidence, found in a Shogunate’s hawk chambers, of an Akita type dog working with hawks and falcons. The dogs’ webbed feet and thick coat also made them ideal water dogs, and so they often worked with fishermen.

How Do You Get Ready For an Elk Hunt2

How Do You Get Ready For an Elk Hunt?

Well, there are definitely a lot of things to consider and plan for well before the hunt takes place. Here are a few tips that may help you as you prepare for your elk hunt.

It’s always best to start planning at least a year in advance. That gives you plenty of time to set the date and location of your hunt. If you decide to go on a self guided hunt, (without an outfitter) you will have a lot more to begin to do including a decision on what state you want to hunt,where in that state to hunt, what licensing that you will need and much more.

Other things you will need to consider are what season you will hunt (archery or rifle), where you will stay and what equipment and gear you will need for your hunt.

If you choose to go on an elk hunt with an outfitter, you will need to secure a date well enough ahead of time as outfitters can book up very quickly. You can also go on what is known as a “”drop camp””. A drop camp is a combination of a guided and a self guided hunt. You are “”dropped in to camp”” and picked up after the hunt by an outfitter.

They will usually provide the basic equipment for camp (tent, cooking equipment etc) but you will be responsible for everything else. A drop camp can be a much more economical way to go on a hunt.

How do you get ready for an elk hunt? The bottom line is, preparation well in advance.That way once you finally get there, you’ll be ready to experience an incredibly wonderful hunt.

Tying Your Flies For Fishing

Tying Your Flies For Fishing

Fisherman have been tying flies for centuries and tying your own flies to use fly fishing is enjoyable and a great experience. When you are tying flies for fly fishing, you can make the flies look very realistic and the fly will lure the fish to the bait.

Tying flies is not as difficult as one might think; precision is the key to tying a realistic fly. Fly patterns are the patterns or pictures of different types of flies and when tying flies you should have either a picture or pattern. These can be found in books, internet and other places.

There are basic tools needed to tie flies, the most important is the vise. The vise acts like another hand or arm and holds the hook in place. Some other tools are scissors and pliers. Materials are hooks different shapes and sizes, hackle feathers, fur from deer or elk and thread. A weight is also required and usually made of glass, beads or bras.

When tying flies start out by wrapping thread around your hook and then add fur and feathers as you securely tie these materials to the hook. Continue to add materials until you achieve the look you are going for. This is just a general idea in what is involved tying your flies for fishing.

Once the basic techniques of tying flies is learned, it can be a great way to bring you more in to the fly fishing experience and now you are ready to lure a fish to your fly and catch an award winning fish.

Great Western Elk Hunt – Some Tips For Elk Hunters

Great Western Elk Hunt – Some Tips For Elk Hunters

Because it can be so difficult for hunters to procure an elk tag in many of the eastern states, many hunters have turned their sites to the many states out west. The elk population in the western states is much greater than that in the east, so there are a greater number of elk permits available to hunters. Because there are fewer people and a greater amount of land preserved for these massive animals to roam, the hunter is sure to have a great time hunting elk out west.

Hunters have a variety of states to choose from when looking for locations out west to hunt; from Montana, to Idaho, or New Mexico, a hunter can choose the area right for him. The hunter will also encounter many different types of terrain, from grassy rolling fields, to steep mountain cliffs. An elk hunt in the western states is sure to offer a hunting experience unlike any other.

Most elk hunters prefer to hire a guide to take them on their elk hunt. There are a variety of elk services available in a variety of different price ranges, and many offer the hunter customizable packages to fit his budget. Some services offer just the guide for the hunt, while others have the full nine yards available, from lodging, food, to transportation. For those not offering lodging, many services can give recommendations for places in the area to stay. Some services also offer elk hunting locations so remote that a helicopter flies the hunters to the location where they set up camp and search for their trophies.

A guide service will be the hunter’s best resource for his elk hunting trip. The service will be able to recommend what the hunter should pack in terms of hunting apparel and equipment to prepare for his trip. Depending on location and time of the year, there could be a variety of different things the hunter may need for a successful hunt. Be sure to ask as many questions as necessary and be confident in the services’ ability.

The first step in planning an elk hunting trip out west is doing research; the internet will be the hunter’s best resource when looking for guide services and locations to hunt. Also be aware of the necessary licenses required to hunt elk and all of the rules and regulations set forth by the state. With a little planning and research a hunter can be off and planning next season’s elk hunt in one of the great western states.

Advances in Trail Camera Technology and How They Benefit You

Advances in Trail Camera Technology and How They Benefit You

Camera technology in general is advancing at a rapid rate and trail cameras are no exception. They have become a useful tool for hunters both in locating animals and in patterning their behavior. They are now standard hunting gear, particularly for big game hunters who can capture an image of elk or deer without invading their habitat. Trail cameras are an inexpensive method of identifying the size of deer on your property and determining whether or not it is worth your time to hunt there. They can also help you decide which deer you want to harvest and which you want to let grow for another year.

Modern trail cameras have a variety of features to aid in your hunting success. The time/date stamp on images informs you not only of the animals on the property, but when they are traveling. This one piece of information lets you know whether to be in your stand at daybreak when that big buck is heading back to his bedding area or during the evening hours as he leaves it to forage for food.

The infrared feature allows you to capture nighttime images without alerting either the animal or other humans in the area. While these images are often not as sharp and clear as those taken with an incandescent flash, the infrared allows you to record your prey under any conditions without being detected.

The motion sensor detects movement which activates the camera trigger. Some models have trigger speeds of 1/3 of a second, allowing you to capture the image of a buck in pursuit of a doe only a few feet ahead of him. This feature may require a little forethought and labor in order for it to be most beneficial to you. Since they are motion activated, you will want to clear leaves and small branches from in front of the lens so you don’t end up with pictures of weeds swaying in the breeze.

Some models record video as well as still photos. This feature is useful to the hunter in patterning deer behavior at various times of the year. During the summer, when deer are traveling in bachelor groups, much information can be gained by watching the interaction of group members. As the rut approaches, you can find your big buck as he establishes his territory by making scrapes and rubs. During the rut, you may record bucks in search of does. And after the season, images of bucks that survived will be captured and you can start to plan for next year’s season.

Finally, the modern digital trail cameras allow you to record nearly 2,000 images on an SD card which can be uploaded to your computer and viewed immediately. They’ve come a long way since the time of film cameras which allowed you to take 36 pictures, wait for them to be developed and then look at the few good ones that were recorded.

Good Elk Hunting on Public Land in Utah

Good Elk Hunting on Public Land in Utah

This is the burning question many out-of-state hunters want to know. There’s two different types of hunts in Utah for elk. There’s the ‘any bull’ hunt then there’s the ‘spike only.’ We’ll talk about where to go for both of these hunts.

Spike Only: This type of hunt covers much more of the state then the ‘any bull’ hunt.

1. Strawberry: Strawberry has been famous for hunting elk for decades because of the shear numbers of elk that thrive here. This area is also famous for growing big fish in the famous Strawberry Reservoir. Just about anywhere is great hunting in this area however the north side of Strawberry holds more elk in my opinion.

2. Monroe: This place I talked about before as being famous for the size of the elk and the shear numbers that thrive here as well. If you’re looking to fill your spike tag then Monroe is a great place. Be fore warned though this place is extremely popular so I would plan on hunting the weekdays to avoid the masses of people that hunt here during the general rifle season.

Any Bull:

1. Kamas: This area has been an ‘any bull’ since Utah switched over to the ‘any bull’ – ‘spike only’ system. Kamas holds some big elk merely because of the steep, extremely rugged country that makes up Kamas. If you’re planning on hunting this area make sure you have access to horses or plan on spending a couple of days getting your elk out.

Utah changes the boundaries of these hunts it seems almost every year so make sure you check the proclamation before you decide on a place to go.

The Importance of Understanding Deer Hunting Regulations

The Importance of Understanding Deer Hunting Regulations

Whether a seasoned hunter or just getting started one of the most important factors is to understand current deer hunting regulations. Unfortunately, some people will head out with a gun or bow to hunt deer and without knowing and following these regulations, not only do they put themselves and other hunters at risk but they also have a negative impact on the environment.

Deer hunting regulations are created and enforced for a reason. Without regulations, anyone could hunt deer which means the entire experience and situation becomes very dangerous. Hunting regulations for deer, elk, turkey, quail, fish and literally any type of fish and game is under the control of the state’s Wildlife Fish and Game departments. These professionals want to make the experience of deer hunting fun and adventurous but also safe.

Keep in mind that while deer hunting regulations are similar from one state to another, some variances do exist. As an example, one of the regulations for the state of New Hampshire is that to hunt this animal with a shotgun or rifle during the season designated for firearms, a hunting license is mandatory for both residents and non-residents of this state. Another example would be for the muzzleloader season, not only would the proper license be required but for hunting but an additional license specific to muzzleloader hunting.

While most deer hunting regulations are relatively standard because different states vary, before anyone heads out they need to research the most current information and then follow it. In some states, regulations require that hunters bring the harvested deer to an established check station while in other states harvested animals have to be registered which can completed via mail or phone.

For developing deer hunting regulations, wildlife fish and game experts use a variety of criteria. For instance, it is common for biologists to take checked or registered numbers for harvested deer in any given season and with a special sex/age/kill model determine the approximate population prior to a season. Based on this data deer hunting regulations will be developed for the next year’s season.

By doing this, different areas can be adjusted regarding the number and type of deer that would be open for kill. Since the numbers will vary for each state and different regions within each state there is no set criterion. If the biologists discover that one specific area of a state will have overpopulation the number of permits allowed for the upcoming year would increase whereas for an area under-populated fewer permits would be provided.

Because of the different information used, deer hunting regulations change from year to year. For this reason, hunters need to take time to learn about modifications to the regulations every year. Experts also send out questionnaires consisting of qualitative questions to understand whether the hunter had a positive or negative experience. This information is also used for managing the population of deer.

Finally, just as deer hunting regulations apply for rifles, shotguns and muzzleloaders, regulations are developed for bow hunting. Again, some regulations are standard and others are modified each season. As an example, the firearms season will also open on November 15 whereas the archery season opens on October 1. For deer hunting regulations, this will remain the same year-after-year regardless of state but using hunter information along with conducting research and performing studies other regulations could change.

Gear for Elk Hunting

Gears for Elk Hunting

The gear required for elk hunting depends upon the accommodation planned for the hunt. If camping in the wilderness is the option, the gear required would definitely be substantially more. Here is a basic list of things needed for a self-guided elk hunt for a three-person hunt team:

1. Camp needs
• 2 tents
• 3 sleeping bags
• 1 cook stove (can be propane stove)
• 3 sets eating utensils
• 1 set cooking utensils
• 1 heating stove (optional)
• 1 tarp
• 1 5-gallon water jug
• 1 large basin for dishes
• 1 portable table and chairs
• 2 gas lanterns
• 1 shovel for latrine

2. Survival Kit
• 1 space blanket
• 1 day food supply (dried food)
• 1 pack waterproof matches
• 1 20-feet nylon rope
• 1 day liquid supply
• 1 pack freshwater tabs (iodine) and/or portable water purifier
• 1 roll duct tape
• 1 cigarette lighter
• 1 first-aid kit
• 2 water bottles

3. Hunting gear (weaponry)
• 1 rifle with scope and sling (may want to have a backup rifle in case scope breaks)
• 2 boxes of ammunition (plus extra ammunition)
• 2 smaller sharp knives
• 1 large hunting knife
• 1 knife sharpener
• 1 belt saw for bone
• 1 hatchet
• 1 gun-cleaning kit
• 1 all purpose tool

4. Location and directional needs
• 1 pair of binoculars (or more)
• 1 compass or GPS or both
• 1 roll of orange fluorescent surveyors tape
• 1 small flashlight with batteries and extra batteries

5. Game “packaging” needs
• 1 sturdy frame for packing
• 1 sturdy length of rope for tying quarters to frame-pack
• 1 sturdy length of rope for hanging quarters
• 1 big game bag for covering and protecting meat or 4 game bags for each quarter
• 1 large can of black pepper (to cover fresh elk meat to ward off flies and other insects)

6. Personal needs
• 1 pair of waterproof boots
• 1 pair of insulated waterproof boots (in case there’s snow)
• 1 pair of hiking shoes (for warmer days or after hunting)
• regular socks for length of stay (warm weather)
• heavy socks for length of stay (cold weather)
• clothing for length of stay (warm weather)
• clothing for length of stay (cold weather)
• 1 set rain gear
• baseball-type cap for warmer days
• insulated hat for colder days
• 1 pair of warm hunting gloves
• 1 small bottle of aspirin
• 1 bottle of elk scent
• 1 bottle of scent eliminator
• elk call – bugle or cow call
• 1 florescent clothing as state requirement
• 1 thermos bottle
• 1 can of pepper spray

There is of course other consideration such as transportation and the duration of stay to determine how much gear to carry. Thorough planning will eliminate the need to leave campsite to top-up any of the basic needs.

Add Life To A Living Space And Install New Lighting

Add Life To A Living Space And Install New Lighting

Lighting is an incredibly important part of any home’s decoration, and an important part of making a house feel like a home. Many people simply forget to create the right atmosphere in each room of the house with the correct lighting, and the feng shui of the house feels off if the lighting in the house is not planned correctly.

The most important part of having the right lighting is taking advantage of natural lighting as much as you can. Natural lighting adds an element of warmth and happiness to every house, and anyone designing their house should try to have as much natural lighting as possible. Large picture windows and glass doors are an excellent way to take advantage of the beautiful sunlight, and the house should be constructed in such a way as to receive as much sunlight as possible throughout the day.

Soft lighting is another important part of lighting your house. There are certain places in the house that need soft lighting, places where people spend a lot of time relaxing or indulging in personal activities. Imagine a bedroom that was lit with glaring neon lights. That is in no way an inviting atmosphere, and it is important that you install soft lights in certain rooms of the house, such as bedrooms, living rooms, dining rooms and a study. By placing soft lighting in these rooms, the atmosphere will be homely and comfortable, and will make the house feel like a home.

There are some rooms in the house that are more utilitarian in nature, such as the kitchen, bathrooms, and the laundry areas. These rooms need to have lights that are bright in order to be sufficiently illuminated to make it possible to do the numerous tasks necessary in the house. Broom cabinets, walk-in pantries, and the garage are other rooms that should receive bright light.

You should also ensure that the lighting is sufficient to illuminate the entire room, and that the angle from which the light is cast is a correct angle. If the kitchen light is in the center of the room, there will be a shadow cast when standing at the counter. Place a number of light fixtures around these utilitarian rooms in order to provide sufficient lighting.

It is also important to illuminate the outside of your house sufficiently. There should be lights on the porch that can illuminate the faces of any visitors who come to your house at night. If you have a yard or garden, you can create a beautiful atmosphere by adding lights to the landscaping. You should also illuminate these areas for your own protection, as thieves and burglars are less likely to enter a house that is properly lit.

Above all, it is important that you use light fixtures that fit the overall d�cor of your house and add a nice feel to it. Depending on the theme of different rooms in the house, or the theme of the entire house’s furniture and interior decorations, you should choose from among the numerous types of light fixtures available.

Finding the Best and Cost-Efficient Venues For Your Wedding

Finding the Best and Cost-Efficient Venues For Your Wedding

If you are lucky, your wedding day only comes once in a lifetime and you don’t get to do it over. Therefore everything must be perfect the first time. Flowers, food, decorations, photographs and venue should all be spectacular. Unfortunately, these things often come at a premium. Money is usually the biggest issue when planning a wedding and no one wants to settle for second best because of money. One way to save in your wedding planning is to choose an affordable location.

If you use your imagination and spend some time searching, low cost or even free venues are available to host your wedding.


If you are a religious person and a regular member of a church, you can often utilize church facilities for your wedding. The church usually doesn’t charge and instead will just except a donation of what you can afford.


If the weather will cooperate with your plans, an outdoor wedding can make a spectacular venue. A relative with a big backyard can supply your location for free. Often, flowers will already be on hand if in season. Add a few chairs and an altar and you are ready to for next to nothing.

Parks are another option that can be utilized for cheap. Just check with the town or state for their rules and regulations concerning wedding ceremonies. Remember to book early since these sites are in demand. Beach weddings are also becoming popular. Just like parks, they will have their own rules and requirements.


If you or a close relative are members of any organizations, you can often utilize their facilities for free or little cost. Organizations such as the VFW, Kiwanis, Lions, Elks, etc. often have meeting halls available that are perfect for weddings.

Take the time to find a cheap venue and save your money for the important things. Years from now the venue will long be forgotten, but those wedding pictures will still be prominently displayed. Spend the money on a good photographer and a beautiful dress and reap the rewards for a lifetime.